Auum Omega Resource Centre
What is Omega-3 and why is it essential?
Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids are a family of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA’s).
EPA – eicosapentaenoic acid
The outer membrane of human cells acts as a gateway allowing raw materials in and processed materials out. This outer membrane requires a constant supply of PUFA’s to remain functional. Omega-3 is an essential part of this replenishment. A shortage of Omega-3 reduces the ability of cells to efficiently perform their function, leading to nutrient starvation and chronic illnesses.
Omega-3 is also converted into another class of chemical called eicosanoids, (a specific chemical/hormone group which are essential to regular healthy functioning), the most critical of which are prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are important for the regulation of inflammation, pain, swelling, blood pressure, heart function, gastrointestinal function and secretion, kidney function and fluid balance, blood clotting and platelet aggregation, allergic response, nerve transmission, steroid production and hormone synthesis. If the diet is inadequate, the Omega-3 prostaglandins produced are either lacking or unbalanced, leading to dysfunction of these vital bodily activities.
There are thousands of articles written about Omega-3 fatty acids. Most are based on research done with fish oil, and can only present the benefits of EPA and DHA. Auum’s animal-based products provide the complete Omega-3 Fatty acids – EPA, DHA, and DPA in nature’s perfect balance.
- Omega 3 is an essential and vital fatty acid that is found in the human body at birth.
- Omega 3 does not naturally restore itself; therefore it must be obtained from external sources, either through diet or supplements.
- Seal Oil contains all three components of Omega 3; EPA, DPA, DHA and in the same proportions that are found naturally in the human body.
- About a third of the long-chain Omega 3 fatty acids circulating in the human blood are attributable to DPA.
- Most fish oils lack one of the critical components of Omega 3, DPA.
- Seal Oil can provide up to ten times the DPA as fish oils.
- Many fish oils are much higher in cholesterol thanSeal Oil.
- VITAMIN D
Top 10 Diseases related to Omega-3 deficiency
- Heart Disease
- Cardiovascular Disease
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Breast Cancer
Health Conditions and Omega 3 (PDF)
This document covers the 43 conditions listed below as to how omega 3 benefit these health conditions. Some data from studies is included. There have been many more studies conducted on the benefits of omega 3s in various journals and papers. Click here to view (PDF) document.Acne, Aging, Aids, Allergies, Alzheimer's, Angina, Arteriosclerosis (Artery Hardening), Arthritis, Asthma, Atopic Dermatitis, Attention Deficit Disorder, Autism, Autoimmune Diseases, Breast Cancer, Cancer, Cardiovascular Disorders, Crohn's Disease, Cystic Fibrosis, Depression, Diabetes, Dyslexia, Dysmenorrhea (Menstrual Cramping), Eczema, Fatty Liver, Heart Disease, Hyperactivity (ADHD), Learning Disorders , Ligament Disorders, Lupus, Macular Degeneration, Menopause, Mental Illness, Multiple Sclerosis, Obesity, Pregnancy, Prostate Cancer, Psoriasis, Raynaud's Disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Schizophrenia, Stroke, Ulcerative Colitis, Vision Disorder.
Omega-3 fatty acid found in fish oils, has been shown to reduce the size of tumours and enhance the positive effects of the chemotherapy drug cisplatin, while limiting its harmful side effects. The rat experiments, described in BioMed Central's open access journal Cell Division, provide some support for the plethora of health benefits often ascribed to omega-3 acids. Professor A. M. El-Mowafy led a team of researchers from Mansoura University, Egypt, who studied DHA's effects on solid tumours growing in mice, as well as investigating how this fatty acid interacts with cisplatin, a chemotherapy drug that is known to cause kidney damage. El-Mowafy said, "DHA elicited prominent chemopreventive effects on its own, and appreciably augmented those of cisplatin as well. Furthermore, this study is the first to reveal that DHA can obliterate lethal cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity and renal tissue injury."
DHA is an omega-3 fatty acid that is commonly found in cold-water fish oil, and some vegetable oils. It is a major component of brain gray matter and of the retina in most mammalian species and is considered essential for normal neurological and cellular developments. According to the authors, "While DHA has been tentatively linked with protection against cardiovascular, neurological and neoplastic diseases, there exists a paucity of research information, in particular regarding its interactions with existing chemotherapy drugs". The researchers found that, at the molecular level, DHA acts by reducing leukocytosis (white blood cell accumulation), systemic inflammation, and oxidative stress – all processes that have been linked with tumour growth.
El-Mowafy and his colleagues have called for greater deployment of omega-3 in the fight against cancer. They write, "Our results suggest a new, fruitful drug regimen in the management of solid tumors based on combining cisplatin, and possibly other chemotherapeutics, with DHA".
They say - one of the best ways to help prevent and treat heart disease is to eat a low-fat diet and to replace foods rich in saturated and trans-fat with those that are rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats (including omega-3 fatty acids). Clinical evidence suggests that EPA and DHA found in fish oil and EPA, DHA and DPA found in seal oil will help reduce risk factors for heart disease including high cholesterol and high blood pressure. There is also strong evidence that these substances can help prevent and treat atherosclerosis by inhibiting the development of plaque and blood clots, each of which tends to clog arteries. Clinical studies of heart attack survivors have found that daily omega-3 fatty acid supplements dramatically reduce the risk of death, subsequent heart attacks, and stroke.
Doctors have long recognized that omega-3 fatty acids appear to reduce your risk of dying of heart disease. Health Canada, the Canadian Heart & Stroke Foundation, the World Health Organization, American Heart Association and the Canadian Cancer Society all recommend an increase in dietary Omega-3.
A stroke has become known as a brain attack and is the third leading cause of death in this country. A stroke cuts off oxygen to the brain causing the death of vital nerve cells. There are two types of strokes. One is called an ischemic stroke where blood flow is blocked and not enough oxygen is getting to the brain.
The events leading up to this type of stroke is similar to those in heart attacks. This type accounts for two thirds of all strokes. The second type of stroke is a hemorrhaged stroke where the artery supplying blood and oxygen to the brain bursts because of weakness in the vessel wall, usually caused by high blood pressure. The nerve cells that are normally supplied by the burst artery are deprived of oxygen and begin to die. Hence reducing elevated blood pressure has become the first line of defense to avoid a hemorrhaged stroke.
Large doses of marine oil (Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids) have been shown to reduce blood pressure and also reduce blood clot formation. Dutch researchers have confirmed a line between fish consumption (as little as one 3 oz. serving/week), and a reduced risk of stroke, noting marine oils ability to retard coagulation, a thickening of the blood that can lead to stroke inducing clots.
Results from a new study conducted at Tufts University suggest that having increased docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels in the blood daily are associated with a significant 48 percent reduction in the risk of Alzheimer's disease in elderly men and women.
Researchers at Tufts University in Boston measured the fatty acid content of plasma obtained from 1137 men and women with a mean age of 75 who were part of the Framingham Heart Study. The subjects' diets were assessed by questionnaire and those free of dementia were followed for a mean of 10 years. During the study they were assessed for the onset of new dementia including Alzheimer's Disease.
Participants who had diets rich in DHA, an omega-3 fatty acid, reduced their risk of developing dementia considerably compared with those whose diets contained low amounts of DHA. These results are consistent with a study published in Archives of Neurology in July 2003.
"These dramatic results show how older adults can play a significant role in their neurological health by increasing their intake of Omega-3, especially, DHA," said Ernst Schaefer, MD, senior scientist and director of the Lipid Metabolism Laboratory at Tufts University.
"Until now there have been only two predictors for Alzheimer's Disease, age and genotype," stated Henry "Pete" Linsert, Jr, Chairman and CEO of Martek. "This study suggests that low dietary intake of DHA may be a risk factor for Alzheimer's Disease. Martek looks forward to additional research to provide more evidence on this possible risk factor."
Taken from DrMercola's site - One of the crucial building blocks to better health is to balance the amount the fats--omega-6 vs. omega-3--in your daily diet. People consume way too much omega-6 fats and not nearly enough omega-3 to be healthy. The ideal ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fats should be 1:1. Today, our ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 averages from 20:1 to 50:1!
Recently, a group of neuroscientists found another reason for you to consider ramping up your omega-3 fats: A diet high in the omega-3 fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) helps protect the brain against the memory loss and cell damage caused by Alzheimer's disease. This new research suggests that a DHA-rich diet may lower one's risk of Alzheimer's disease and may help slow progression of the disorder in its later stages. It also proves, one scientist said, our diets affect how our brain cells communicate with each other under the duress of Alzheimer's disease.
Researchers focused on Alzheimer's damage to synapses, the chemical connections between brain cells that enable memory and learning. By using mice bred with genetic mutations that cause the brain lesions linked to advanced Alzheimer's disease, the UCLA researchers created a mouse model to test environmental risk factors for the disorder. When the mice developed the lesions, but showed minimal memory loss or synaptic brain damage, however, the scientists took a closer look at the animals' diet and found they were eating omega-3 laden foods.
Then the research team swapped safflower oil for the soy, fish and seal to create an unhealthful diet depleted of omega-3 fatty acids. They divided the animals into two sets of older mice, which already showed brain lesions but displayed no major loss of brain-cell activity. The researchers placed both groups on the new diet, but fed the second group DHA supplements from algae.
After five months, researchers found high amounts of synaptic damage in the brains of the Alzheimer's-diseased mice that ate the DHA-depleted diet, which closely resembled those we see in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.
The human brain absorbs DHA rapidly, making a constant supply critical for proper cognitive function, eye development and mental tasks. DHA helps keep the brain membrane fluid, moves proteins and helps to convert signals from other parts of the body into action
Recent articles from website www.omega3sealoil.com say's -
Consumption of marine mammal oil and salmon high in Omega-3 fatty acid appears to lower the risk of glucose intolerance, and is a potentially modifiable risk factor for NDDM in Alaska Natives. A look at the eating habits and blood tests of 666 people over age 40 revealed that those who ate salmon every day had a 50% lower chance of having any glucose intolerance (which include diabetics and pre-diabetics) than those who ate fish less often. The risk dropped even lower (to an 80% reduction) for daily consumption of marine mammal oil, particularly seal oil.
A direct, positive relationship was found between cellular membrane phospholipid Omega-3 fatty acid content and both metabolic rate and insulin action. Omega-3 fatty acid in a diet supplement has specific implications for the symptoms of insulin resistance.
Diabetes can damage the large blood vessels increasing the risk of stroke, heart attack, and in the limbs, gangrene. Many studies now suggest that Omega-3 is invaluable in combating circulation problems associated with diabetes by rendering the walls of the veins and arteries smoother and more elastic.
LYSAKER, Norway, January 24, 2005 -- A recent article published in Lipids 2004 reviewed effects of omega-3s and weight control. The study reaffirms research concluding the importance of omega-3s for general health and weight control.
"It is well established that a diet rich in seafood prevents weight gain but the mechanisms responsible for this effect has not been known," stated Morten Bryhn, M.D., Ph.D., director of research and development for Pronova Biocare. "This article presents effects on weight reduction in obesity prone animals using different omega-3 concentrates containing EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) or DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). These animals behave very much like humans in the way that overfeeding leads to severe obesity."
Data from the study clearly demonstrated that the omega-3 concentrate rich in DHA increased oxidation of fat by activating genes that breaks down fat in the mitochondriae and peroxisomes. These effects not only showed weight reduction but they also showed weight gain prevention in animals given free access to food. Additionally, the omega-3 concentrate not only intensified breakdown of fat but also reduced the number of fat cells, especially in the abdominal region. The effects were augmented in animals on a concomitant 10% calorie reduction regimen.
This regimen has also been tested in a pilot study, presented at the North American Association for Study of Obesity (NAASO) Annual Meeting, November 2004, including 20 women with severe obesity (Body Mass Index, BMI, more that 40). The women were already on a very low calorie diet. The group given the omega-3 reduced their weight by 20% more than the group given placebo after only three weeks of treatment. BMI was reduced by as much as 15%. The effects were highly impressive because of the short treatment period.
"Being overweight is not only a problem of too much food and too little exercise but also a problem of bombarding genes with signals leading to fat accumulation. A diet rich in red meat and vegetable oils increases accumulation of fat in fat tissue because of a chronic disarray of genes responsible for handling fatty acids and carbohydrates," stated Dr. Bryhn. "The number of fat cells increases and turnover of carbohydrates into fat is facilitated. The net result is being overweight which leads to obesity that is difficult to curb by calorie reduction and exercise only. Genes are constantly programmed to a situation of starvation and they need to be reprogrammed. Omega-3 fatty acids seem to do exactly that."
According to Dr. Bryhn, the process of reprogramming genes is slow so no drastic effect is to be expected. Weight control should be a combination of: reduced intake of red meat, saturated fat and foods containing vegetable oils and carbohydrates, regular exercise and increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids high in DHA.
The health benefits of marine omega-3 fatty acids are increasingly being accepted worldwide. The scientific evidence continues to mount, representing an opportunity for the treatment and prevention of common diseases. The American Heart Association and the World Health Organization both support the addition of omega-3 fatty acids to diets citing their importance in maintaining good health.
The International Arteriosclerosis Project (1992)
Since 1990, researchers from the Louisiana State University have analyzed the coronary arteries of 23,000 deceased persons from 16 countries. The interim results reveal that the Greenlanders have the lowest rate of arteriosclerosis among all those tested.
Some of the fascinating early results are as follows:
- The Inuit who ate a modern diet had the same rate of this disease as ordinary Europeans and therefore the results were not based on heredity.
- The Inuit who lived on a traditional diet of marine mammals (mainly seal) had, at the age of seventy, the same coronary artery elasticity as a 20 year old European.
- Some European countries may eat more fish than is found in the traditional Greenland diet, but have a far higher incidence of arteriosclerosis and, in general, higher levels of cholesterol.
At the National Hospital in Nuuk, a person with very high cholesterol was given various diets and medicines without major impact. When he was placed on a traditional Greenland diet (mostly of seal), his cholesterol level fell dramatically in one month.
The Orsoq Study
Dr. E. Jorgenson of the Center of Arctic Environmental Medicine in Denmark recently presented the initial results of the Orsoq Seal Research Project, a pilot study on the effect of seal oil on human health. These preliminary findings indicate that the general population of Denmark, fed on a modern diet, was ten times more likely to develop cardiovascular and inflammatory diseases that Greenlanders on their traditional diet of seal, a food high in omega 3
"Inuit Whaling", Inuit Circumpolar Conference, June 1992, special issue. Gerth Mulved and Henning Sloth Pederson, Doctors of Medicine Dronning Ingrids Hospital.
Numerous studies show that increased long term intake of marine oils, rich in EPA and DHA, reduces the morbidity and mortality associated with cardiovascular disorders in middle-aged men. Conflicting data exist as to whether it is EPA or DHA, or the combination which is responsible for the various beneficial effects. In any event, it is known that there may be limits to the elongation and desaturation of EPA to DHA, whereas the retroconversion of DHA to EPA occurs.
-Harris et al., Grimsgaard et al., 1995
It is generally agreed that omega-3 fatty acids moderate hyperlipidemia, particularly hypertriglyceridemia, very rapidly in a dose dependent manner. Omega-3 fatty acids reduce the triglyceride levels in the blood by a reduced synthesis and secretion of VLDL particles from the liver and enhances the in vivo liposysis of the VLDL-particles. An improved balance between LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol is also normally found, whereas the effect on total cholesterol is marginal. A large number of studies report such findings. Omega-3 fatty acids influence on platelet aggregability at rather low doses (50-350mg), whereas significant effects on blood lipids and blood pressure can be achieved at higher doses (2 g/day).
-Christensen et al, 1995
Recent data (from a parallel group study) show that 3g pure DHA (95% DHA, ethyl ester) produce a 30-40% greater reduction in triglyceride levels in plasma than a corresponding amount of EPA (90% EPA, ethyl ester). DHA also seems to have a more marked effect on increasing HDL-cholesterol, whereas EPA was found to slightly decrease both total cholesterol and APO-1 in normal subjects
-Grimsgaard et al, 1995
This study suggests that DHA might be more beneficial than EPA in terms of effects on blood lipids. Others have reported that DHA-rich oils (4g/day, 42% DHA) are less active than EPA-rich oils and fish diet on both fasting and postprandial triglyceride levels.
A positive correlation has been observed between supplementation with EPA and DHA (85% ethyl ester) and improvements in blood pressure and heart rate in subjects suffering from mild hypertension. Recently published studies showed that DHA (EE), not EPA (EE), lowered the heart rate in healthy humans.
-Bönaa el al, 1995
Even short time supplementation with large amounts (19g/day) of a combination of EPA and DHA (as ethyl esters) has shown to have long-lasting effects on the human platelet aggregation, an effect suggested by inhibition on TXA2/PGH2 receptor by EPA and/or DHA-sensitive mechanisms.
-Di Minno et al, 1995
Studies on cardiac arrhythmias do not give any clear evidence on the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids. However, a trend towards reduction in ventricular extracystoles in patients with ventricular tachyarrhythmias has been observed after supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids
-Christiansen et al,1995
Animal studies show that DHA may inhibit ventricular tachyarrhytmias more significantly than EPA
and also increases the cardiac contractibility.
-Grynberg et al, 1995
Recent data also show that DHA has more pronounced inhibitory effect on the expression of cytokines in endothelial cells, which clearly downregulate the inflammatory process and may inhibit the progression of arteriosclerosis.
-DeCaterina & Libby, 1995
Epidemiological and clinical research have shown that omega-3 fatty acids intervene in the arteriosclerotic process at all steps, and that there probably are synergistic effects of EPA and DHA at many levels.
The following was from www.thenutritionreporter.com
One factor in MS may be the consumption of omega-3 essential fatty acids (EFAs), commonly known as fish oils. In Japan and along the Norwegian coast, where fish consumption is high, the incidence of MS is lower than one would expect based on latitude. "This suggests as one possibility, that marine oils may be protective," Hutter suggested.
Indeed, studies have shown that fish oil supplements, low intake of saturated fats, and high consumption of unsaturated fats tend to reduce symptoms of MS. The omega-3 fish oils are known to reduce inflammation in allergic conditions.
Hutter also believes that longer periods of visible light may release carotenoids, such as beta- and alpha-carotene, in the eye, preventing MS-associated eye damage. In addition, the carotenoids may moderate allergic inflammation.
Abram Hoffer, M.D., Ph.D., of Victoria, Canada, concurs. "Animals and plants living in cold areas, such as Canada, must have more unsaturated fatty acids (such as EFAs) to increase winter hardiness. This is why fish from cold waters, seals in northern Canada, and plant oils, such as linseed oil and canola oil, are richer in omega-3 essential fatty acids than animals living in warm waters and oils from warm-weather plants, such as olive, peanut and coconut oils."
This is also why, Dr. Hoffer believes, people living in cold climates need more EFAs. Yet, he says, studies have shown that modern diets contain only 20 percent of the EPAs provided by earlier diets. While the average person gets by, people genetically susceptible to MS are at greater risk.
"Since winter hardiness is a function of the mass of the body, of which the brain is a minor component, then it is likely the limited quantities of EFA will be sequestered by the tissues most in need of winter hardiness properties, i.e., skin, subcutaneous tissues, muscles and ligaments. Any deficiency is apt to be shown in internal organs, including the central nervous system," explains Dr. Hoffer.
The following was from www.ms.about.com/od/alternativemedicine/a/omega_three.htm
For those of us with multiple sclerosis (MS), our ears perk up when we hear about omega-3 fatty acids contributing to “brain health.” There are even some books and experts that claim that omega-3s can reverse our MS disease progression and lessen our MS symptoms. So, what is the deal?
Why Should People with MS Care About Omega-3 Fatty Acids? [bold]
In some studies, low levels of omega-3 fatty acids were found in people with MS. While this does not automatically mean that these low levels have anything to do with our MS symptoms or disease, some studies have suggested that omega-3 fatty acids can help us.
Breast cancer rates differ greatly between countries. They are 5 times higher in the United States than in Japan and twice as high in France as in neighboring Spain. Differences in overall fat consumption in these countries have been extensively studied, but no link to breast cancer incidence has been detected so far. A large team of researchers from the Netherlands, Ireland, Spain, Finland, Switzerland, Germany and the United States now report that, while overall fat consumption may not be significant, the make-up of the fats could be.
As part of the large EURAMIC Study the researchers investigated the link between the content of polyunsaturated fats in adipose (fat) tissue of postmenopausal women and breast cancer incidence. A total of 291 women with breast cancer and 351 controls were included in the study which involved 5 European medical centers. The women all had samples of adipose tissue taken (from the buttocks) and analyzed to determine the concentration of the main polyunsaturated fatty acids: the omega-3 acids - alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and the omega-6 acids - linoleic acid (LA) and its metabolite arachidonic acid (AA).
The study found no significant correlation between omega-3 fatty acid levels and breast cancer incidence, but did find a trend to higher incidences with increasing levels of omega-6 fatty acids in the adipose tissue samples. The researchers also found a significant association between the ratio of EPA and DHA to LA levels and breast cancer incidence in 4 out of 5 of the medical centers involved in the study. Pooling all results showed that women with the highest ratio had a 35% lower breast cancer incidence than women with the lowest ratio. In other words, women with a relatively high adipose tissue level of EPA and DHA (the main components of fish oils) and a relatively low level of LA and its metabolites had a lower breast cancer risk. The researchers note that LA (linoleic acid) is the precursor of certain eicosanoids which may promote tumour growth. EPA and DHA inhibit the production of these harmful compounds and may also, on their own, inhibit tumour growth. The researchers also point out that several epidemiological studies have found an inverse correlation between fish consumption and breast cancer incidence and urge further studies to determine the relationship between the dietary intake of specific fatty acids and breast cancer risk.
ADD/ADHD: Is ADD a disease that needs to be treated with a drug?
ADHD is a “spectrum disorder” with a wide array of symptoms that vary from person to person. (It is not a disorder unique to children; many adults suffer from ADD/ADHD and accompanying brain fog). Symptoms range from inability to focus or daydreaming to inappropriate outbursts and hyperactivity. Genetic factors, hormonal imbalances and inadequate diet may all be involved.
Targeting the nutritional factor is a good place to begin. Introducing a whole food diet with a good scheduled routine which includes much needed unstructured playtime and exercise provides a solid basis on which to build.
Rather than being deficient in a drug, these children are desperately in need of a nutrient that is absolutely essential for brain function and well-being. 82% of children diagnosed with ADD show deficiencies in Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids. Auum Omega 3 products provide a whole food animal-sourced supplement that provides DHA in nature’s perfect balance with EPA and DPA for enhanced brain function. The sublingual formulation delivers such optimum nutrition – 1st stop the brain.
Important Study with Children: Auum Clinical Research Study (PDF).
Why does Auum Auum Omega 3 work?
Our brain is made up of 20% Omega-3. Breast milk provides nutrition rich in DPA & DHA for the rapid brain growth in early months.
Neurons rich in DHA are much more sensitive to the naturally-occurring neurotransmitters – serotonin and dopamine, both of which are necessary for a sense of well-being and calm.
What results have been obtained in children taking Auum Auum Omega 3?
- Better focus & concentration
- Better sleep patterns
- Increased communication skills
- Disappearance of temper tantrums
- Less aggressive behaviour
- More sociable and considerate
- More even mood Improved compliance
- More impulse control
- Improvement in urinary issues
Omega 3 Sources
DHA or Docosahexaenoic acid: Identified as an essential building block of the brain, nerve and eye tissue. It is especially important to development of infant's visual acuity and motor skills. DHA is supplied naturally through mother's breast milk and more recently through supplemented formula. Harp seal oil is an excellent source of DHA
EPA or Eicosapentaenoic acid: Abundantly present in seal oil reduces inflammation and blood clots within the cardiovascular system. Clinical tests have shown that people whose diets are rich in EPA are less prone to inflamed joints (Rheumatoid arthritis), inflammation of the intestine (Crohn's disease), lupus, asthma, multiple sclerosis and skin disease.
DPA or Docosapentaenoic acid: Only found in significant amounts in human milk and harp seal oil. This component is almost as important as either EPA or DHA. About 1/3 of the long chain Omega 3 fatty acids circulating in human blood is attributable to DPA. In the blood vessel walls, EPA can actually be converted to DPA as the effective agent.
ALA or Alpha Linolenic Acid: While DHA, EPA and DPA are found primarily in fish, ALA is found in the highest compositions in plant oils like flaxseed oil. It can also be found, through sometimes only in trace amounts, in oils such as canola, soy and walnut oils. ALA is also found in wild plants such as purslane (often considered a common garden weed). An important fact to remember about ALA is that it can only be utilized by the body once our bodies actually "convert" it to EPA and DHA, the two omega fatty acids more readily used by the body. If our bodies aren't healthy to start, the benefit of ALA can be lost on some of us.
Not all sources of Omega-3 are equal. Complete Omega-3 contains 3 essential components: EPA, DHA and DPA. All 3 components are found in the human body at birth in healthy amounts. We lose these essential components as we age and must replenish them through our diets. Health Canada, the Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation, the World Health Organization and the Canadian Cancer Society all recommend an increase in dietary Omega-3.
The 3 main sources of Omega-3 are: FLAX, FISH, SEAL
FLAX: A very common source of Omega-3 used as an additive in grocery store foods like breads, eggs, milk, juices, etc. Flax does NOT contain EPA, DHA and DPA. Flaxseed oil contains no EPA, DHA or DPA but rather contains alpha linolenic acid (ALA) which must be converted by our bodies to become the essential Omega-3 our bodies need. Evidence indicates that the rate of metabolic conversion can be slow and unsteady, particularly among those with impaired health. Flaxseed oil cannot convert to DPA.
FISH: Fish is a good source of Omega-3 EPA and DHA but it contains little to no DPA. Fish, like flax, is an incomplete source of Omega-3. Fish and fish oils contain little to no DPA. Eating fish can be dangerous according to some news reports and studies that contend fish are highly susceptible to pollutants and can have high levels of hazardous contaminants. Many people who take fish oil capsules and liquids experience a repeat or fishy burp after taking the supplements.
SEAL: Seal oil contains all three essential components of Omega-3, EPA, DHA and DPA.
EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid)
EPA has many health benefits for the heart and cardiovascular system. An increased intake of EPA is generally associated with a lower risk of primary and secondary heart attack rates, death from cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality.
In one study, higher EPA levels in blood serum phospholipids resulted in a 70% lower risk of fatal ischemic heart disease. This means more EPA is beneficial in people with documented coronary heart diseases, especially those with risk factors for sudden cardiac death.
DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)
DHA is an Omega-3 fatty acid found through the body, in especially high concentrations in the brain and retina. It is required for optimal cognitive and visual performance and is also an essential component of the heart. Many experts recommend an increased intake of DHA for expectant and nursing mothers as well as infants. Adequate Omega-3 and Vitamin D are part of the nutrient base that is essential for full fetal and infant development. Omega-3 fatty acids help prevent premature deliveries and can also improve baby’s intelligence. DHA is important for development all through life, including as we age.
Some of the Healthy Benefits of DHA: Recognized biological benefit by Health Canada "DHA, an Omega-3 fatty acid, supports the normal development of the brain, eyes and nerves".
Contributing factor in helping prevent over 30 major health conditions, including: childhood development disorders, psychological disorders, heart disease and more proven benefit for the human heart, reduces blood pressure and may also be a factor in helping increase good cholesterol.
DPA (docosapentaenoic acid), Found only in marine sources of long-chain Omega-3 fatty acids.
DPA Omega-3 is chemically similar to Omega-3 EPA, DHA and DPA found at birth. It is therefore recognizes by the body and quickly absorbed for optimal health benefits. Seal oil is free of mercury. DPA is often overlooked as a significant component of long-chain Omega-3 fatty acids. This is primarily because most Omega-3 studies are conducted using fish or fish oil that contain only small amounts of DPA. Relatively few studies have been done using seal oil with its much higher content of DPA. DPA works with EPA and DHA to provide health benefits to the heart and to mothers and children.
Studies have shown that DPA has health benefits for the heart. Population studies show that higher levels of DPA result in lower rates of coronary heart disease risks. In addition, while EPA is known for its cardiovascular benefits, DPA is said to be ten times more effective than EPA in healing damaged blood vessels.
A Superior Oil! What the Experts Say
Dr. Fereidoon Shahidi of Memorial University of Newfoundland (MUN), a world-renowned scientist on seal product development provides the following explanation: “In comparing seal oil with fish oils, assimilation of seal oil into the body is more efficient than fish oils. EPA, DHA, and DPA in seal oil are located primarily in the terminal positions of the triglyceride molecules while they are preferentially present in the middle position of triglycerides in fish oils. This difference in the location of the Omega-3 PUFA is a major reason for the superior effect of seal oils compared to fish oils in disease prevention and potential health benefits.” Article from The Canadian Sealers Association
Seal Oil: Best Source of Omega-3
As Seal Oil has not been available for the past 20 years, substitutes of one description or another have become popular. The most common of these would be fish and flaxseed (linseed) oils.
Seal Oil is superior to these substitutes for the following reasons:
- Unlike both flaxseed and fish oils, Seal Oil has a balanced amount of Omega-6 and therefore is believed to be the product best suited to immediately and effectively reduce the imbalance.
- Salmon oil has anywhere from 2-5 times the Omega-6 content of Seal Oil.
- Flaxseed oil has nearly 3 times the Omega-6 content of Seal Oil.
- If the goal is to restore the balance of Omega-6 and Omega-3, why keep adding a lot of Omega-6, such as found in fish and vegetable oils?
Most fish oils have only two of the three main forms of Omega-3 (EPA and DHA) while Seal Oil not only has all three (EPA, DHA and DPA) but they also appear in the same relative proportions as found naturally in the human body.
Because Seal Oil’s chemical structure allows it to more easily be absorbed into the human body, the Omega-3s in Seal Oil enter the blood stream more quickly than other fish or flaxseed oils, producing more efficient results.
Flaxseed oil is not a natural long-chain Omega-3. It relies on the body’s ability to convert it into Omega-3. [bold]This only occurs if all the body functions are fully developed and working properly. [bold] This transformation not only takes time but it is also difficult to measure the amount, if any, of the Omega-3 actually being converted. The very young, the aging and those suffering from various ailments may find their bodies unable to convert flaxseed oil to Omega-3. Actually, the excess of Omega-6 is likely to block the body’s ability to convert Omega-3s from other fatty acids. When we couple the fact that flaxseed oil contains 3 times more Omega-6 than Seal Oil and the fact that flaxseed oil is not a natural Omega-3, it is difficult to believe that flaxseed oil could effectively reduce the dangerous Omega-6:Omega-3 imbalance.
In their book, Protein Power, Michael and Mary Eades state, “…but taking flax seed oil is kind of like buying crude oil and running it through your home distillery to make gasoline for your car. If that’s the only way you can get gasoline, then that’s what you have to do. If you can buy the gasoline already distilled, however, it is much more efficient to do that and avoid the hassle of the home distillation process.”
Because Seal Oil comes strictly from seal blubber, it is a much purer oil than fish oils which are obtained by grinding, cooking and pressing fish offal, or the whole fish.
Seal Oil is more stable than fish oil as a long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid.
Essential Fatty Acid Benefits
- The Benefits of Omega-3 Fatty Acids
- Essential Fatty Acids and Inflammation
- Essential Fatty Acids and Immune System (H1N1)
- The Importance of Omega-3 during Pregnancy, Breastfeeding and Infancy
- Omega-3 Benefits Your Baby’s Brain and Eyes, by Mercola
- Omega 3 Fatty Acids Taken Regularly Benefit Our Good Health
- Increased diabetes rates parallel a rise in consumption of Omega 6 relative to Omega 3, By: Eric S. Freedland, MD, Boston University School of Medicine
- Health Benefits of Seal Oil (2002 - Fisheries Diversification Program)
- Fat Acid Clue to Cystic Fibrosis - 2/15/04 BBC News
- The Importance of the Ratio of Omega-6 and Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids - Feb 2003 - Alternative Medicine Review
Today's diets are mostly processed foods, with a high fat content. This is characteristic of many of today's industrialized societies. But, even those most devoted to these high fat diets, can be educated to change their ways.
We are seeing diet-based diseases increasing dramatically. Co-incidentally, the amount of Omega-3 essential fatty acids consumed in our diets has dropped by up to 80%. About 40 years ago, health authorities recommended that western diets increase their consumption of PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids) to help lower cholesterol levels. A dramatic increase then took place in the consumption of vegetable oils - rich in essential Omega-6 PUFAs, but not OMEGA-3 PUFAs.
It has now been found by that an excess of Omega-6 actually interferes with the benefits of Omega-3, thus making the existing Omega-3 shortage even more acute.
Diet is the Prime Link to Good Health
It has long been established that diet is the prime link to good health. When Japan moved from its traditional diet of simple marine food, to the western-based diet of processed foods, their rate of disease rose dramatically. Conversely, when Norway was forced to return to its traditional diet of marine life during World War II shortages, the death rate (of heart disease, cancer, etc.) dropped by 40%. This rate however returned to normal levels as soon as the war ended and the Norwegians returned to the western diet. It is of great interest that during the war the decrease in Norwegian heart disease - coincided with a 50% increase in Omega-3.
Another example of the beneficial effects of a traditional marine diet (high in Omega-3) is found with the High Artic Inuit. Despite their large daily fat intakes the Inuit blood lipids remained within normal levels, their incidence of heart trouble was low and they were relatively free from Artery Hardening. Like the Norwegians and the Japanese before them, as the Inuit have adopted western diets, the occurrences of diet-based diseases have risen to the western levels.
Supplementing Your Diet
Our bodies neither produce nor store Omega-3 internally; Omega-3 must be obtained from external sources. As most of our food intake continues to be highly processed food, with little or no fish or marine sources, Omega-3 is often best obtained through supplements such as Auum's Omega-3.Essential Fatty Acids and Inflammation
One of the most significant factors in the last century that affect our inflammatory response in a multitude of ways is our consumption of Omega-6 and Omega-3.
Our diet since the early 1900’s has become increasingly high in Omega-6 and low in Omega-3. The ideal ratio of these essential nutrients is 1:1. However, most diets today contain at least 10:1, and up to 20:1 or even 50:1.
This high consumption of Omega-6, particularly from processed and hydrogenated oils, results in an exaggerated inflammatory response in our systems. Many try to improve this critical balance by following a healthier diet. However, in today’s world, this presents a huge challenge, as commercial fisheries and commercial cattle farmers use grain as the principal diet of their fish and animals, rather than the natural diet of greens. Such feeding results in low Omega-3 content in our food supply. Even if we reduce our consumption of processed oils in order to reduce our Omega-6 intake, it is difficult to get enough Omega-3 in our diets. Therefore our Omega-6 levels further climb in relation to our Omega-3 levels. High Omega-6 is involved in increased inflammatory response.
Common inflammatory conditions include arthritis, pulmonary disease, lung cancer, rosacea, allergic reactions, MS, inflammatory bowel (IBS) and Crohn’s. However, inflammation is now also being implicated in such issues as insulin resistance in diabetes and obesity.
Omega-3 prostaglandins are important for the regulation and reduction of inflammation.
Both Omega-6 and Omega-3 are required by our bodies, however, they must be in the correct ratio in order to be beneficial to our health.
Fish oils provide Omega-6 and Omega-3 in ratios ranging from 6:1 to 14:1.
Supplementing with a 1:1 Omega-6 to Omega-3 ratio animal-based product is desirable as it can quickly enable our bodies to restore our serum levels closer to the 1:1 healthy balance that our bodies need in order to function optimally.
All three poly-unsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) – EPA, DHA and DPA in the same ratio as found naturally in our bodies and in a form easily absorbed into our bloodstream, as found in Auum’s toxin-free and whole-food Omega-3 supplements are a “must try” for anyone looking to Omega-3 supplementation in order to improve or maintain their health.
H1N1 FLU – Maintaining Your Health Naturally
Whether or not you get the flu shot is a very serious decision that you must personally make, hopefully after research and contemplation.
Regardless of whether or not you decide to get the H1N1 flu shot, it is important that you build your immune system to enable it to fight off whatever the winter months may throw at it, in the form of viral infections or even stress.
“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.”
One of the first and least inexpensive things you can do is to get enough rest.
Research shows that some supplements may help. Although there is an abundant and often confusing array of products to choose from, some of the basic nutrients taken on a regular basis can work to maintain vibrant health. Health Canada recommends daily supplementation with Vitamin D and Omega 3.
Vitamin D is critical to enable your body at a cellular level to make the correct response to stressors and/or viruses, etc. In winter or being indoors during the day, our access to the critical Vitamin D from the sun is seriously compromised. Health Canada therefore recommends supplementation with at least 1,000 IU of Vitamin D daily. It is important for you to begin supplementation so that your Vitamin D levels do not drop dangerously low.
The proper balance of Omega 6 to Omega 3 is also critical for the proper function of the individual cell membrane to allow nutrition in and waste products out. Having the proper high quality Essential Fatty Acids (EFAs) available in your diet can do much to enhance your immune function. Our day to day lifestyle and diet makes getting sufficient Omega 3 daily a challenge. As well, high amounts of unhealthy Omega 6 in the diet complicates the matter because of what little Omega 3 we may consume. Dangerous ratios often measure 10:1 or 20:1 in contrast to the healthy balance of 1:1.
Enter Auum Omega 3 Auum Omega 3
Auum’s product combines EFAs – EPA, DHA and DPA in the perfect balance and ratio that our body requires in order to function optimally. Each 5 cc (5 ml) of the oil contains the recommended dose of 1,000 IU of Vitamin D3.
However, the good news does not stop there. Our formulation is designed to be taken under the tongue (sublingually). It means that we can increase our absorption of these important nutrients by about 100% by taking them under our tongue (as compared to a capsule form). By holding the oil under you tongue for 60 seconds or more, the nutrients are directly, efficiently and almost immediately absorbed into our bloodstream.
As well, Auum Omegas are bio-identical chemically to the omegas our body requires. If we were to rely on plant or fish oils in order to obtain this essential fat, Omega 3, our bodies would need to convert the omegas in order to effectively use it. Often we are not making the conversions either because of stress, etc.
Fish oils naturally contain Omega 6 and Omega 3 in a ratio of at least 6:1 and often as high as 14:1. Plant seeds or vegetable seed oil such as corn even have a greater imbalance, corn oil is 80:1 Omega 6 to Omega 3 and sunflower oil is 20:1. Auum Omega products provide the omegas in a ratio of 1:1 quickly helping to balance serum levels.
The good news is that if you supplement with Auum Omega 3 Auum Omega 3, you will also notice all kinds of other good side effects as a result of providing high quality nutrition to your body in order to achieve a healthy balance.
Adequate Omega-3 and Vitamin D are part of the nutrient base that is essential for full fetal and infant development. Omega-3 fatty acids help prevent premature deliveries and can also improve baby’s intelligence.
Due to the fact that our bodies cannot make Omega-3, but it is an essential nutrient, it is imperative that a mother’s diet is rich in properly balanced Omega-3. DHA is necessary for the development of the central nervous system of the fetus. It is especially vital during the last 3 months of pregnancy and the first three months after birth. A mom having adequate levels of Omega-3 and Vitamin D during pregnancy to pass on to their infant is an important factor in their developing a mature central nervous system which controls both the brain and cardiovascular function. DHA is also necessary for development of cognitive ability and vision. Recently published articles suggest that SIDS and autism may be related to nutritional deficiencies of Omega-3 and/or Vitamin D. Over 80% of children diagnosed with ADD/ADHD are deficient in Omega-3.
The US Food and Drug Administration advises pregnant women against eating too much fish weekly due to the risk of toxicity, whereas nutritional scientists are saying that women need more fish in their diet in order to get adequate amounts of Omega-3 for fetal brain development.
The controversy continues…
Auum’s Omega-3 Auum Omega 3 may be the answer. It provides a perfectly balanced supplement, naturally toxin-free, containing not only bio-identical DHA, but also the critical bio-identical component DPA. Mother’s breast milk is composed of small amounts of EPA, and larger almost equal amounts of DHA and DPA. Auum’s naturally balanced Omega-3 provides a biologically similar supplement which proves to be superior for moms who want to ensure that their milk is rich in the Omega-3 components most required by their infants.
Avoid the blues and have a happy baby too: Auum Omega 3 Auum Omega 3 Supplement for Mom and Baby!
Generally speaking there TWO primary benefits of Omega 3 essential acids have on our bodies are:
1) Cellular Membrane Components:
The outer membranes of human cells act as a gateway allowing raw materials in, and processed materials out. This outer membrane requires a constant turnover of PUFA's (polyunsaturated fatty acids) to remain functional. Omega 3s is an essential part of this replenishment. A shortage of Omega 3 reduces the ability of cells to efficiently perform their function, leading to nutrient starvation and chronic illnesses.
2) Production of Eicosanoids:
Omega 3 is also converted into another class of chemical called eicosanoids, (a specific chemical/hormone group which are essential regular healthy functioning) the most critical of which are prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are important for the regulation of inflammation, pain, swelling, blood pressure, heart function, gastrointestinal function and secretions, kidney function and fluid balance, blood clotting and platelet aggregation, allergic response, nerve transmission, steroid production and hormone synthesis. If the diet is inadequate, the Omega 3 prostaglandins produced are either lacking or unbalanced, leading to dysfunction of these vital bodily activities.
There are thousands of articles written about Omega 3 fatty acid. Most of these are based on fish oil research alone and there fore only mention the benefits of DHA and EPA. There are however far fewer articles which discuss the medicinal benefits of al three PUFA's - DHA, EPA and DPA.
The increased prevalence of diabetes has paralleled a rise in consumption of n-6 (relative to n-3) fatty acids and trans fatty acids found in partially hydrogenated oil. 66-68. Both can change cellular membrane phospholipid composition and decrease fluidity—a state associated with altered insulin receptors, decreased insulin sensitivity, and subsequent insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia 69-73. A large dietary glycemic load exacerbates the hyperinsulinemia.
Since 1850 the n-6 to 3 ratio in the Western diet has risen from 4:1 to greater than 20:1 as fats from fish, wild game, and leaves were replaced by the consumption of linoleic acid (LA)-rich oils from seeds. Changes in feeding poultry and livestock have altered the n-6 and n-3 content of the animal protein consumed 74-76.
This imbalance leads to a high proportion of arachidonic acid (AA)-derived eicosanoids such as thromboxane A2, leukotrienes, and the production of inflammatory mediators, e.g., cytokines and interleukins 74, 75, 77. One of the most important functions of the vascular endothelium is to regulate inflammatory reactions, and too much linoleic acid can induce marked injury to endothelial cells. 78.
Excessive intake of the n-6 linoleic acid and relative n-3 deficiency have been postulated to be the major causes of the increasing western-type cancers, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and allergic hyperreactivity 79.
Several studies show an association between low intake of n-3 (relative to n-6) and a decrease in mortality from all causes, especially CHD. 80-84 Populations that consume a diet rich in omega 3s have a lower prevalence of diabetes 85.
Epidemiological evidence from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT) of 12,866 American males revealed significant inverse relationships between dietary n-3 PUFA and mortality from CHD, cancer, and all-causes 86. These effects could be improved by simply lowering the n-6 to n-3 ratio 87. A study of 43,757 U.S. health care professionals followed for six years from 1986 found that diets high in n-3 acids are associated with a reduced risk of CHD independently of other dietary and non-dietary risk factors 118. Prior to the last world war the prevalence of diabetes and CHD was climbing in Norway paralleling a rise in the n-6/n-3 ratio and consumption of more highly processed high glycemic foods 88. Following a significant reduction in n-6/n-3 fat ratio during the war Norway recorded a sharp decrease of almost fifty percent in the incidence of diabetes and cardiovascular mortality. Unfortunately, reversion to the previous dietary fat intake and n-6/n-3 fat ratio was followed by an equally rapid rise in both diabetes and CHD 88.
In the last 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and CHD in urban and upper socioeconomic groups in India. This rise has paralleled an increase in the consumption of n-6 fatty and the n-6 to n-3 ratio 89. Simply changing the composition of the dietary fat to increase the n-3 while decreasing the n-6 PUFA in patients with type 2 diabetes had a significant impact. This improved insulin action and reduced the required dosage of hypoglycemic agents 89. The response was maximal when the n-6/n-3 ratio in dietary lipids was adequately lowered.
The United States has experienced a sharp and sustained fourfold rise in the number of diagnosed cases of diabetes since 1960. This rise has paralleled the increased consumption of n-6 fats mostly in the form of seed oils which has risen after reports that n-6 PUFA lowered plasma cholesterol 89. Adequate n-6 fatty acids are critical, especially in patients with type 2 diabetes who have an impaired delta 6 desaturase which is key in the first step of n-6 metabolism to eicosanoids. However, Toborek et al provide compelling evidence that too much linoleic acid can induce profound inflammatory responses in cultured human endothelial cells—most markedly among all the unsaturated fatty acids studied. 78
Greater than eighty percent of insulin mediated glucose disposal takes place in skeletal muscle 90. In adult humans, insulin resistance is associated with low proportions of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in muscle membrane structural lipid whereas a higher percentage unsaturated fat, especially long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (the omega-3s), is associated with greater insulin sensitivity 69, 71, 91, 92. N-3 PUFAs may improve insulin sensitivity by increasing membrane fluidity 71-73.
Dietary intake has been shown to influence the adipose 70 and muscle membrane phospholipid fatty acid (FA) composition 93, however endogenous factors also play a role. Some adult populations with similar diets demonstrate wide ranges in muscle membrane FA profiles, and mothers at higher risk of the metabolic syndrome (as determined by fasting insulin and triglyceride levels) have children with a muscle membrane characterized by a lower proportion of n-3 PUFAs 94. This suggests there may be genetic differences in the ability to incorporate n-3s into membranes, or perhaps the concurrent ingestion of trans and saturated fats along with other environmental factors is preventing the incorporation of n-3s. This underscores the importance of increasing the amount of n-3s in the diet relative to n-6s to ensure optimal FA muscle membrane composition and insulin sensitivity.
In an attempt to provide evidence of the health benefits of seal oil, the Department of Biochemistry, Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador, with funding from the Fisheries Diversification Program, began a research project dedicated to providing evidence of the effectiveness of seal oil in reducing symptoms of Arthritis. [pdf: health benefits of seal oil]
Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
P.O. Box 8700, St. John's, NF, A1B 4J6
Call: 709 729-3732 / Fax: 709 729-6082
"An imbalance of fatty acids may cause the lung inflammation experienced by cystic fibrosis patients, scientists have suggested. Read more… http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3458491.stm
"A lower ratio of omega-6/ omega-3 fatty acids is more desirable in reducing the risk of many of the chronic diseases of high prevalence in Western societies, as well as in the developing countries, that are being exported to the rest of the world. A.P. Simopoulos/Alternative Medicine Review
Read more… http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0FDN/is_1_8/ai_98540135/
Vitamin D is important on many different levels, one importance involves the flu. Please note that it is has not been established as to what levels of Vitamin D is toxic and it may very well be different by person, and the different source of Vitamin D taken. More studies and research is being conducted. The source and quality of the Vitamin D that you are taking will be important. Natural Vitamin D should ideally be consumed as an oil since it is an oil soluble nutrient. Auum’s Vitamin D is a natural source of Vitamin D3 in an oil matrix which means it is quickly absorbed into the body easily with less stress on the body. Are you taking your Vitamin D in a powder? Do you believe that you get your Vitamin D in your foods? Most foods contain their source of this vitamin in a powder form and in the form of Vitamin D2. Vitamin D3 is what you need.
Influenza May Be a Sign of Vitamin D Deficiency
There is compelling evidence showing that flu may in fact be a sign of vitamin D deficiency.
In addition to scientific studies on vitamin D levels and the seasonality of the flu, an analysis of CDC data indicates that vitamin D deficient children are also at higher risk of death from the flu.
The data shows that almost two-thirds of 36 children who died from H1N1 had epilepsy, cerebral palsy, or other neurodevelopmental conditions like mental retardation.
All of these neurological conditions are associated with childhood Vitamin D deficiency. Exacerbating the problem further, many of these kids take anticonvulsant drugs, which also lower vitamin D levels.
Vitamin D may very well be one of the most beneficial vitamins there is for disease prevention, including the flu. Unfortunately it’s also one of the vitamins that a vast majority of people across the world are deficient in due to lack of regular exposure to sunshine.
Part of the explanation lies in the fact that vitamin D, which forms when your skin is exposed to sunlight, regulates the expression of more than 2,000 genes throughout your body, including ones that influence your immune system to attack and destroy bacteria and viruses.
Hence, being overwhelmed by the “flu bug” could signal that your vitamin D levels are too low, allowing the flu virus to overtake your immune system. In addition, a number of studies show that the higher your vitamin D level, the lower your risk of contracting colds, flu, and other respiratory tract infections in general.
- A 2007 study suggests higher vitamin D status enhances your immunity to microbial infections. They found that subjects with vitamin D deficiency had significantly more days of absence from work due to respiratory infection than did control subjects.
- A 2009 study on vitamin D deficiency in newborns with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI) confirmed a strong, positive correlation between newborns and mothers' vitamin D levels. Newborns with vitamin D deficiency appear to have an increased risk of developing ALRI, and since the child’s vitamin D level strongly correlates with its mother’s, the researchers recommend that all mothers optimize their vitamin D levels during pregnancy, especially in the winter months, to safeguard their baby's health.
- A similar Indian study published in 2004 also reported that vitamin D deficiency in infants significantly raised their odds ratio for having severe ALRI.
- The 2009 analysis of the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which included 19,000 subjects over the age of 12, also found that higher vitamin D levels equated to lowered incidence of upper respiratory infections (URI).The correlation between lower vitamin D levels and increased risk of URI's was even stronger in individuals with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
- Another 2009 report in the journal Pediatric Research stated that infants and children appear more susceptible to viral rather than bacterial infections when deficient in vitamin D. And that, based on the available evidence showing a strong connection between vitamin D, infections, and immune function in children, vitamin D supplementation may be a valuable therapy in pediatric medicine.
Vitamin D Dose Recommendations
Based on the most recent research, the current recommendation is 35 IU’s of vitamin D per pound of body weight.
So for a child weighing 40 pounds, the recommended average dose would be 1,400 IU’s daily, and for a 170-pound adult, the dose would be nearly 6,000 IU’s. The chart below will give you general approximations for what the recommended daily dose might be for children, young adults, and pregnant women.
- Age Dosage Below 5 - 35 units per pound per day
- Age 5 - 10 2500 units
- Age 18 - 30 5000 units
- Pregnant Women 5000 units
There is no way to know if the above recommendations are correct. The ONLY way to know is to test your blood. You might need 4-5 times the amount recommended above.
Ideally your blood level of 25 OH D should be 60ng/ml.
However, it’s important to realize that vitamin D requirements are highly individual, as your vitamin D status is dependent on numerous factors, such as the color of your skin, where you live, and how much sunshine you’re exposed to on a regular basis.
So, although these recommendations may put you closer to the ballpark of what most people likely need, it is simply impossible to make a blanket recommendation that will cover everyone’s needs.
The ONLY way to determine the correct dose is to get your blood tested since there are so many variables that influence your vitamin D status. I recommend using Lab Corp in the U.S. If you get it done by Quest, you’ll need to divide your result by 1.3 to get the real number.
Ideally, you’ll want your vitamin D level to be between 50-65 ng/ml, year-round. In Canada and Europe, your test results may come back in ml/L. To convert ml/L to ng/ml, simply divide your result by 2.5.
Posted by: Dr. Mercola
November 24, 2009
Omega 3 Studies
- A Clinical Study on the Benefits of Mammalian Omega-3 On Children with Learning/Behaviour Problems
- Lower Prevalence of Impaired Glucose and Diabetes associated with Daily Seal Oil or Salmon Consumption Among Alaskan Natives
- Involvement of liptogenous pathways in docosapentaenoic acid introduced inhabitants of platelet aggression
- Docosapentaenoic acid (22-5n-3 DPA) an elongation metabolite of Eicosapentaenoic acid (20-5n-3) is a potent stimulator of Endothelial cell migration on pretreatment in Vitro
- Effect of Marine Oil Supplementation on Coagulation and Cellular Activation in Whole Blood
- Effects of Dietary Marine Oils and Olive Oil on Fatty Acid Composition, Platelet Membrane Fluidity, Platelet Responses, and Serum Lipids in Healthy Humans
Clinical study ran over 3 years with 42 children who had learning disabilities/behavioural problems. The benefits of Auum Omega 3 Auum Omega 3 were evaluated.
ABSTRACT - As a Registered Nurse (R.N.) Suzanne (Sue) Charbonneau has a rounded view of health care, having spent most of her career with seniors & newborns. Sue’s understanding of life from birth to death was naturally shaken upon her discovery of the existence of a mammalian form of Omega-3. --”The very idea that this concept has not been emphasized from day 1 in all patient care and nutrition systems has undoubtedly cost patients years off of their lives. As a frontline investigator/ and a supervisor in clinical trials evaluating the Benefits of Omega-3 on Children with Learning/Behavior Problems, I was astounded at the speed and depth of the results - progressively during the study, the children began speaking, expressing themselves, making friends, learning new things, reading and doing math, some at advanced levels.
While the clinical results in themselves showed dramatic improvements in numerous areas, including improved imagination, decreased aggression, improved sleep patterns, improved attention span and improved interpersonal skills, sociability, making friends, holding conversations, improved verbal and communication skills, these percentages cannot communicate the powerful emotional experience of witnessing the dramatic changes in each one of these children.”
For more facts from the Clinical Study, please review Clinical Study Presentation.
A study to examine the association of salmon and seal oil consumption with impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT) and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitons (NIDDM) among Alaskan natives was tabulated in “Diabetes Care.” December 1994, the study concluded the consumption of Seal Oil and Salmon high in Omega-3 fatty acids appeared to lower the risk of glucose intolerance and is a potentially modifiable risk factor for NIDDM in Alaskan natives.
A look at the eating habits and blood tests of six hundred and sixty six people over the age of forty revealed that those who ate salmon everyday had a fifty percent chance of having any glucose intolerance (which includes Diabetes and Pre-Diabetes) than people who ate that fish less often. The risk dipped even lower (down to an 80% reduction in risk) for daily consumption of Seal Oil.
Yamashina – ku, Kuoto 607 – 8414, Japan
Department of Pathological Biochemistry Kyoto Pharmaceuticals University Missasagi
The effects of docosapentaenoic acid (DPA) on platelet aggression and arachidonic acid metabolism [bold]
The results of this study suggest that DPA possesses potent activity for interfering with the cyclooxygenase pathways thus inhibiting platelet aggression most effectively. Epidemiological studies have revealed that low incidence of myocardial infraction in the Greenland Inuits who live mainly on seals (1-2).
Seal oil contains a significant amount of Docosapentaenoic acid (22-5n-3 DPA), Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3 EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid (22-6n-3 DHA) compared with fish oil recently the biological and pharmacological effects of DPA and the anti atherosclerotic and anti thrombotic effects of Seal Oil supplements were reported.
Toshie Kanayasu – Toyoda, Ikou Morita, Sel-itsu Murota
Department of Psychological Chemistry Graduate School
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113 Japan
Many factors such as hypercholesterolaemia, hypertension and oxidation modifies low-density lipoprotein induce endothelial cells (EC) injury which results in various pathological disorders including atherosclerosis and thrombosis. EC migration and proliferation are important processes in the control of wound healing responses of blood vessels. EC migration and proliferation also place a central role in the healing following traumatic injury due to balloon catherization, graft placement or organ transplantation. We discovered by lipid analysis that a large amount of DPA the elongated product of EPA existed in EC phospholipids. Other studies have also reported an increase in the DPA content of phospholipids bovine (cows) and human umbilical veins. EC followed EPA pretreatment. In general, EPA and DHA and major components of fish oil, both substances are often used to investigate the effects of fish oil.
We have demonstrated that the simulative effect of EPA of EC migration may be due to DPA. Moreover, the potency of DPA stimulation of EC migration is ten fold greater than that of EPA.
Osterud B, Elvevoll E, Barstad H, Brox J, Halvorsen H, Lia K, Olsen JO, Olsen RL, Sissener C, Rekdal O, et al.
A study was performed to explore the effects of supplemental intake of various marine oils to be part of the Eskimo diet. Oils such as: oil from the blubber of seal, cod liver, seal/cod liver, blubber of Minke whale. Supplementation of regular diet with a combination of seal oil and CLO and especially with whale oil seems to have beneficial effects on several products thought to be associated with cardiovascular and thrombotic diseases.
Vognild E, Elvevoll EO, Brox J, Olsen RL, Barstad H, Aursand M, Osterud B.
The influence of various dietary marine oils and olive oil on fatty acid composition of serum and platelets and effects on platelets and serum lipids were investigated as part of an extensive study of the effects of these oils on parameters associated wit cardiovascular/thrombotic diseases. Oils such as cod liver oil (CLO); whale blubber oil (refined and unrefined); mixtures of seal blubber oil and CLO, or olive oil/CLO were consumed. In conclusion, intake of various marine oils causes changes in platelet membranes that are favourably anti thrombotic. The combination of CLO and olive oil may produce better effects than these oils given separately. The changes in platelet function are directly associated with the alterations of fatty acid composition in platelet membranes.
Diabetes is a disorder characterized by high blood levels of glucose in the blood. Diabetes can damage the large blood vessels increasing the risk of stroke, heart attack, and in the limbs, can lead to gangrene. Many studies now suggest that omega-3 is invaluable in combating circulation problems associated with diabetes by rendering the walls of the veins and arteries smoother and more elastic.
In another study published in 1994 by the British Nutrition Foundation they reported that daily consumption of seal oil (high in omega 3), by Alaskan natives led to a 20% lowering of glucose intolerance and diabetes.
- Adler, Boyko, Schraer, Murphy, 1994 Nutrition Supplement
Frequently Asked Questions
- How many milligrams of DPA, DHA, and EPA are in each capsule of Auum Omega 3?
- What are Omega 3 and Omega 6?
- What are Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids?
- What are Essential Fatty Acids?
- Where do we get Omega 3 and 6?
- How much Omega 3 and Omega 6 do we need?
- When taking an Omega 3 supplement, does it interfere with the thinning of the blood?
- Is Omega 3 recommended by Health Departments?
- Are our modern diets in balance with respect to Omega 3 and Omega 6?
- Should we fear this imbalance?
- Why does this imbalance happen in our diets?
- Is excess Omega 6 dangerous?
- Why has this Omega 3 - Omega 6 imbalance occurred?
*Recommended Daily Dosage is 4 capsules twice daily.
Auum Omega 3 is a NATURAL supplement. As such the relative amounts of EPA, DHA, and DPA vary slightly dependant upon other seasonal factors in the food web. The numbers above represent an average.
Careful selection of the raw materials used in the sublingual formulations result in the highest possible amounts of DPA, providing daily doses of approximately 330mg DPA.
Omega 3's and 6's are essential fatty acids and the number refers to the long chain of carbon atoms and polyunsaturates. These omegas were initially discovered by Drs. Burr and Burr in the 1930s, who studied Eskimos and found nearly 0% heart disease and cancer.
Both Omega 3 and Omega 6 are essential fatty acids (EFA's) and are considered crucial for normal growth and development (the "good" fats). They cannot be manufactured naturally in the body. You obtain your Omega 3's and Omega 6's from what you eat.
Omega 6 is found in common vegetable oils (corn, soybean, sunflower, etc.).
Omega 3 is found in marine food and seal oils.
Omega 3 and Omega 6 remain "good fats" as long as they are balanced in our diets.
Most of the world's major health organizations now suggest a maximum range of between one omega 3 to four omega 6 (1:4) to one omega 3 to six omega 6 (1:6) depending on your age and sex. The range is now moving towards a one omega 3 to one omega 6 (1:1) for a healthy balance.
A dose of 1.8g/day EPA approximately forty-seven (47) - 500 mg capsules did not result in prolongation in bleeding time. But 4 g/day increased bleeding time and decreased platelet count with no adverse effects. In human studies there never has been a case of clinical overdosing, even in patients undergoing Angioplasty, while patients were taking fish oil supplements.
(investigated by saynor etal (70))
The Government of Canada recently recommended that each Canadian should increase their daily intake of Omega 3 to reduce the Omega 3 - Omega 6 imbalance. The United States Department of Health and Nutritional Services, The National Institute of Health, and the Council of Responsible Nutrition have all agreed that the daily intake of Omega3 should be increased. The World Health Organization recommends that all adults increase their daily intake of Omega 3.
Modern diets deliver too much Omega 6 leading to acute imbalance of somewhere between 1 Omega 3 to 14 Omega 6 (1:14) or even 1 Omega 3 to 20 Omega 6 (1:20). Some doctors suggest that this imbalance may be as high as 1-60.
(Simopoulos and Robinson: The Omega Plan, 1998 Harpper Collins, p5 Harris, W. Backgrounder vol2, July 1997)
As long as the Omega3's and Omega 6's in our bodies are in balance they compliment each other. Many doctors agree that an Omega 6 imbalance leads to a marked increase in such dietary diseases as cancer, heart attack, stroke, diabetes, arthritis and skin disorders.
(Simpopoulos and Robinson, p 32)
Modern foods are high in Omega6 and low in Omega 3. When we couple our modern eating habits with the fact that excess Omega 6 is stored in the body as fat, while any unused omega 3 is quickly disposed of by the body, the problem becomes clear.
Many recent studies indicate that it could be. Researchers using lab animals with existing tumors found that diet high in omega 6 made the "... tumors grow faster, larger and more invasive."
(Simpopoulos and Robinson, p.6)
Another study performed in Los Angeles Veterans Hospital found that the group of men fed a diet high in Omega 6 had a mortality rate twice that of men on traditional diet.
(Pearce and Dayton: The Lancet, 1971, 464-467)
We can trace our human ancestry back 4 million years. For more than 99% of that time humans were hunters and foragers, which established our dietary balance between Omega 3 and Omega 6 the ideal proportion of 1:1. Many doctors believe that this balance continued until the mid 1800's when our diet began to fundamentally change. Our present day diets, rich in grains and seeds but poor in marine life, increase the Omega 6 presence in our bodies.
"Omega 3 consumption has decreased to one sixth of the level found in our food supply in the 1850's. Omega 6 consumption has doubled in that time drastically changing the ration of Omega 3 to Omega 6 in our food supply. This change is reflected in the makeup of our tissue fats and in our health."
(Dr. Edo Erasmus, FATS that heal, FATS that Kill, 1995 (3rd edition), Alive Books. p. 52)
In a recent study, scientists concluded that "... we are now eating 1/10th of the amount of the Omega 3 required for normal functioning. Alarmingly, 20% of the population has levels so low that they defy detection."
(Dolocek, Grandits, World Rev. Nutr Diet 1991, 66:205-216)
Canadian Cancer Society [http://www.cancer.ca]
Canadian Crohn's and Colitis Foundation [http://www.ccfc.ca]
Canadian Heart and Stroke Foundation [http://ww2.heartandstroke.ca/splash]
Canadian Liver Foundation [http://www.liver.ca/Home.aspx]
Canadian Psychiatric Association [http://www.cpa-apc.org]
Lupus Canada [http://www.lupuscanada.org]
Nutrition Labeling and Claims Regulations [http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/nutrition/reg/index-eng.php]